Moderate Drinking Reduces Death following Myocardial Infarction
This study examined the relationship between alcohol consumption before and after myocardial infarction (MI), and death from both cardiovascular and all causes among survivors of MI.
While following 51,529 male health professionals over time, a total of 1,818 suffered from non-fatal MI. Long-term average alcohol consumption was calculated from the time period immediately before the MI and updated every four years afterward.
Compared to non-drinkers, those who consumed up to about about 2/3 of a glass of alcohol per day averaged a 22% reduction in all-cause mortality; those who had up to two glasses per day experienced a 34% reduction in risk, and those who drank over two glasses per day had a 13% reduced risk of death from any cause.
For cardiovascular mortality, the corresponding reductions in risk of death were 26%, 42%, and two percent.
The authors conclude that long-term moderate alcohol consumption is inversely associated with both cardiovascular death and death from any cause among men who survived a first myocardial infarction.
Note: This website is informational only. It does not make suggestions or recommendations about drinking, alcohol, myocardial infarction or any other mater and none should be inferred.
- Pai, J.K., et al. Long-term alcohol consumption in relation to all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among survivors of myocardial infarction: the Health Professionals Follow-up Study. European Heart Journal, 2012; doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehs047
Readings on Drinking Alcohol and Heart Attack
- (listing does not imply endorsement)
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- Beulens, J.W., et al. Alcohol consumption and risk of recurrent cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with clinically manifest vascular disease and diabetes mellitus: The Second Manifestations of ARTerial (SMART) disease study. Atherosclerosis. 2010, May 6.
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- Iestra, J.A., et al. Effect size estimates of lifestyle and dietary changes on all-cause mortality in coronary artery disease patients: a systematic review. Circulation, 2005, 112, 924 – 934.
- Janszky, I., et al. Alcohol and long-term prognosis after a first acute myocardial infarction: the SHEEP study. European Heart Journal, 2008, 29(1), 45-53; doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehm509
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- Klatsky, A.L. Alcohol, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus. Pharmacological Research, 2007, 55, 237– 247.
- Klatsky AL. Should patients with heart disease drink alcohol? JAMA, 2001, 285, 2004 –2006.
- Masunaga, N., et al. Effects of alcohol consumption on cardiovascular events in male patients with healed myocardial infarction. Circulation Journal, 2006, 70, 1263– 1268.
- Mukamal KJ. Alcohol use and prognosis in patients with coronary heart disease. Preventive Cardiology, 2003, 6, 93–98.
- Mulcamel, K.J., et al. Alcohol consumption after myocardial infarction. Journal of the American Medical Association, 2001, 285(15), 1965-1970.
- Mulcamel, K.J., et al. Alcohol and AMI: Benefits from beer, wine, and liquor. American Journal of Nursing, 2001, 101(8), 18.
- National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol Alert, No. 45. October, 1999.
- Rimm, E.B., et al. Review of moderate alcohol consumption and reduced risk of coronary heart disease: is the effect due to beer, wine, or spirits? British Medical Journal, 1996, 312, 731–736.
- Rimm, E.B., et al. Moderate alcohol intake and lower risk of coronary heart disease: meta-analysis of effects on lipids and haemostatic factors. British Medical Journal, 1999, 319, 1523– 1528.
- Sesso, H.D., et al. Seven-year changes in alcohol consumption and subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease in men. Archives of Internal Medicine, 2001, 160, 2505-2612.
- Alcohol and Heart Disease
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filed under: Heart
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