Category: Driving While Intoxicated (DWI/DUI)
Treatment/Prevention of DWI/DUI
- Alberta Transportation & Utilities. Designated Driver
A Smart Choice. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada: 1996 (www.ama.ab.ca/trafsafe/thkf_des.htm/.
- Amenda, P. J. Temperance for a New Age: The Crusade Against
Drunk Driving, 1980-1997. (Fresno, CA: California State University,
M.A. thesis, 1998).
- Barr, A., and MacKinnon, D.P. Designated driving among college
students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 1998, 59(5),
- Berardelli, P. Safe Young Drivers: A Guide for Parents and
Teens. Vienna, VA: Nautilus Communications, 2000.
- Brookhuis, K. A., et al. The effects of mobile telephoning
on driving performance. Accident Analysis and Prevention,
1991, 23(4), 309-316.
- Butterworth, F. Many Undetected, Use Drugs and Then Drive, Report
Says. New York Times, November 15, 2002, A20.
- Catchpole, J. Why are Young Drivers Over-Represented in Traffic
Accidents? Vermont, South, Victoria, Australia: Australian
Road Research Board, 1994.
- Caudill, B.D., et al. DWI prevention: Profiles of drivers
who use designated drivers. Addictive Behaviors, 2001,
- Connelly, J. Cellular phones can distract you to death. Seattle
Post-Intelligencer, July 16, 2003.
- DeJong, W., and Winstein, J.A. The use of designated drivers by
U.S. college students: A national study. Journal of American
College Health, 1999, 47(4), 151.
- Dolliver, M. Mothers Against Drunk Driving. Adweek: New England
Advertising Week, 1998 (Nov. 16), 35(46), 50.
[Reports that Mothers Against Drunk Driving ad equating having
a drink with snorting cocaine may be counterproductive.]
- Donelson, , A. C., et al. The Role of Alcohol in Fatal
Traffic Crashes: British Columbia. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada:
Traffic Safety Research Foundation, 1989.
- Don't Dial and Drive. San Francisco Chronicle, Feb. 14,
1997, p. A26.
- Drivers turning to a designated driver. New York Times,
1988 (December 31), 138, p. 6.
- DUI Courts Website (American Council on Alcoholism), www.aca-usa.org/duicourtshome.htm
- Duncan, D. F. Chronic drinking, binge drinking, and drunk driving.
Psychological Reports, 1987, 80(2), 681.
- Facts about drowsy driving. The Peer Educator, 2000, 23(4),
9 & 14. To learn more, visit www.dui.com/whatsnew/slep.html.
- Fest, G. A recall to renumber. Adweek, 1999 (June 7),
20(123), 3. [The ad agency that provided free ads for
Mothers Against Drunk Driving changed some of its ads because MAD
had provided erroneous statistics to the agency. The action followed
publication of an article by two alcohol abuse experts in The Wall
Street Journal exposing the false claims. Mothers Against Drunk
Driving had taken the statistics from the Center on Addiction and
Substance Abuse (a.k.a. The National Center on Addiction and Substance
Abuse at Columbia University). However, CASA's claims had been exposed
as unsubstantiated several years earlier in a well-known article
and were widely-known as false by those in the alcohol abuse prevention
- Frisbie, T. Talking mobile. Traffic Safety, 1991, 91(2),
- Gary, S. L. S., et al. Consideration of driver home county prohibition
and alcohol-related vehicle crashes. Accident Analysis and Prevention,
2003, 35(5), 641-648.
- Hans, M. Innovative programs target young drivers. Traffic
Safety, 1996, 96(5), 6-9.
- Hans, M. Graduated licensing: training wheels for young drivers.
Traffic Safety, 1996, 96(2), 6-9.
- Hansen, W. B., and Graham, J. W. Preventing alcohol, marijuana
and cigarette use among adolescents. Preventive Medicine,
- Hanson, D. J. Preventing Alcohol Abuse: Alcohol, Culture and
Control. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1995, chapter 3.
- Hanson, D. J. Alcohol Education: What We Must Do. Westport,
CT: Praeger, 1996.
- How Effective Are MADD's Efforts? USA Today, 1992, 120,
- Johnson, E. Cheers to the designated driver. Safety & Health,
1995, 152(6), 76-80.
- Joseph, J. Are Breath Tests Accurate: Defense Lawyers Often Challenge
Their Use as Evidence, And Win. ABCNEWS.com. [Can be found at
- Kinkade, P. T. The Unintended Consequences of California's
1982 Drunk Driving Laws: The Costs of Being "MADD."
(Irvine, CA: University of California, Ph.D. dissertation, 1990).
- Kinkade, P., et al. Probation and the drunk driver: a
cost of being "MADD." (mandatory sentencing for drunk
drivers promoted by Mothers Against Drunk Driving not effective
alone) Federal Probation, 1992, 56(2), 6-15.
- Lopez, F. MADD agenda goes mad with neo-prohibitionism. The
Atlanta Journal and Constitution, 3-25-02.
- Lundegaard, Karen. DWI court treatment programs in U.S. show signs
of helping drunk drivers to sober up. Wall street Journal,
4-7-04, pp. B1-B2.
- McGwin, G. Characteristics of traffic crashes among young, middle-aged,
and older drivers. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1999,
- McKnight, A. J., and McKnight, A. S. The effect of cellular phone
use upon driver inattention. Accident Analysis and Prevention,
1993, 25(3), 259-265.
- Miller, H. Soft drink has no wine, but plenty of cheer. Advertising
Age, 1992 (June 1), 63(22), 3-4. [Cheerwine is
a non-alcoholic soft drink that has been marketed in Southern states
for 75 years. However, Mothers Against Drunk Driving objects to
both the name and the fact that the soft drink's market includes
those under the age of 21.]
- Moulden, J. V. Alcohol Education: A Long-Term Strategy for
Preventing Transportation Accidents. In: Benjamin, T. (Ed.).
London and New York: Royal Society of Medicine Services, 1987.
- National Hardcore Drunk Driving Project (www.duidata.org)
- National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. A Guide to
Developing a Community-Based Designated Driver Program. U.S.
Department of Transportation.
- National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Designated
Driver, Safe Ride Program Community Action Guide. Washington,
DC: NHTSA, 2001.(www.ncadd.com/designated/designated1.html/.
- Pariser, J. L. In vino Veritas: the truth about blood alcohol presumption
in state drunk driving laws. New York Law Review, 1989,
- Peach, R. J. Who tests the DUI test? Defense can't; New Jersey
won't let lawyers inspect new breath tests. The National Law
Journal, 2000, 23(6), A4.
- Pena, C.V. The Anti-Drunk Driving Campaign: A Covert War Against
- Petica, S. Risks of cellular phone usage in the car and its impact
on road safety. Recherche-Transports-Securite, 1993, 37,
- Rawls, Eben. The Intoxilyzer isn’t perfect: Judges in DWI
trials must stand for justice despite pressure from public. Charlotte
Observer, August 20, 2004.
- Redelmeier, D. A., and Tibshirani, R. J. Association between cellular
telephone calls anc motor vehicle collisions. New England Journal
of Medicine, 1997, 336(7).
- Reinerman, C. Social Movements and Social Policy: “Mothers
Against drunk driving,” Restrictive Alcohol Laws and Social
Control in the 1980s. Berkekey, CA: Alcohol Research Group,
School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, 1985.
- Rosenblum. E. Breathlayzer machines are faulted once more. New
Jersey Law Journal, 1988, 122(23), 5.
- Ross, H. L. Confronting Drunk Driving. New Haven, CT:
Yale University Press, 1992.
- Sargeant, G. Breathalyzer accuracy challenged. Trial,
1989, 25(12), 22.
- Simpson, H. M., and Mayhew, D. R. The Hard Core Drinking Driver.
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Traffic Safety Research Foundation, 1991.
- Spierer, E. Young Drivers and Alcohol: Educational Measures
and Programmes. In: Benjamin, T. (Ed.). Young Drivers Impaired
by Alcohol and Other Drugs. London and New York: Royal Society
of Medicine Services, 1987. Pp. 227-235.
- Sundeem, M. Cell Phones and Highway Safety: 2002 State Legislatures
Update. Denver, CO: National Council of State Legislatures.
- Taylor, L. Drunk Driving Defense. New York: Aspen Law
and Business, 5th edition, 2000. [This is the best single source
of information on breathalyzer accuracy and inaccuracy.]
- Taylor, L. Nonspecific Analysis. From Taylor, L. Drunk
Driving Defense. New York: Aspen Law and Business, 5th edition,
2000. Can be found at www.california-drunkdriving.org/procedures
- Treatment advocates try to extend drug court success to DUI offenders.
Alcoholism & Drug Abuse Weekly, 1999, 11(35),
- Ulrich, D. Mothers Against Drunk Driving. Adweek: New England Advertising
Week, 1998 (Aug. 17), 22. [Argues that new Mothers Against
Drunk Driving ad campaign equating impaired drivers with cold-blooded
murders may not be credible or effective.]
- U.S. Department of Transportation. A Guide to Developing a Community-Based
Designated Driver Program (www.ncadd.com/designated/designated2.
- Violanti, J. M., et al. Cellular phones and traffic safety.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, 1996, 28, 265-270.
- Weed, F.J. Grass-roots activism and the drunk driving issue: A
survey of MADD chapters. Law & Policy, 1987, 9(3),
- Wells-Parker, E., et al. Self-efficacy and motivation for controlling
drinking and drinking/driving: an investigation of changes across
a Driving Under the Influence (DUI) intervention program and of
recidivism prediction. Addictive Behaviors, 2000, 25(2),
- Williams, A. F. Drugs in fatally injured young male drivers. Public
Health Reports, 1985, 100(1), 19-25.
- Williams, T. P. The Relative Role of Alcohol as a Contributing
Factor in the Over-Representation of Young Drivers in Highway Crashes.
Albany, NY: New York State Division of Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse,
Bureau of Alcohol and Highway Safety, 1981.
- Winfree Jr, L.T. and Giever, D.M. On classifying driving-while-intoxicated
offenders: The experience of a citywide DWI drug court. Journal
of Criminal Justice, 2000, 28(1), 13.
- Wooster, M.M. Mothers Against Drunk Driving: Has its vision become
blurred? Alternatives in Philanthropy, 2000 (February) (www.capitalresearch.org/publications/altematives/2000/february.htm)
- Wright, Gary L. and Alexander, Ames. Treatment court praised: Judges
with low conviction rates and drivers say recovery priority. Charlotte
Observer, August 9, 20004. [Article reports that Judge
Jerome Leonard helped establish the Mecklenburg County DWI Treatment
People repeatedly convicted of DWI are selected for the treatment
court. They're required to attend Alcoholics Anonymous meetings
and outpatient treatment every week for a year. They are given weekly
drug and alcohol tests and must return to court every month for
a progress review.
Mecklenburg court officials say the treatment court works. They
say the re-arrest rate for drug offenders not involved in a treatment
court is 67 percent. For participants in the DWI treatment court,
the re-arrest rate is 11 percent.
The DWI treatment court has won an award from the National Commission
Against Drunk Driving, after being nominated by Mecklenburg's MADD
chapter. This year, the National Drug Court Institute selected Mecklenburg's
DWI treatment court as a model to host training for jurisdictions
across the country planning to set up similar courts.]
- Yi, H. Y., Williams, G. D., & Dufour, M. C. Trends in alcohol-related
fatal crashes, United States, 1979–99. (Surveillance
Report No. 56). Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Alcoholism and
Alcohol Abuse, 2001.
- Zador, P. L., Krawchuk, S. A., & Voas, R. B. Alcohol-related
relative risk of driver fatalities and driver involvement in fatal
crashes in relation to driver age and gender: An update using 1996
data. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 61: 387–395.
- Zimmerman, N. Breathalyzers do have a host of problems. The
National Law Journal, 1984, 6, 12
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