References

1. Braidwood, Robert J., Sauer, Jonathan D., Helback, Hans, Mangelsdorf, Paul C., Cutler, Hugh C., Coon, Careton, S., Linton, Ralph, Stewart, Julian, and Oppenheim, A. Leo. "Symposium: Did Man Once Live by Beer Alone?," American Anthropologist, 1953, 55, pp. 516-526; Katz, S. H. And Voigt, M. M., Bread and Beer: The Early Use of Cereals in the Human Diet, Expedition, 1987, 28, pp. 23-34.

2. Ibid.

3. Patrick, Charles H. Alcohol, Culture, and Society. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press, 1952, pp. 12-13. Reprint edition by AMS Press, New York, 1970.

4. Do It Now Foundation, Booze: Why Not Ask Why? Tempe, Arizona: DIN Publications, 1996 (pamphlet).

5. Ghaliounqui, Paul. Fermented Beverages in Antiquity. In: Gastineau, Clifford F., Darby, William J., and Turner, Thomas B. (Eds.) Fermented Food Beverages in Nutrition New York: Academic Press, 1979 pp. 3-19.

6. Heath, D.B. Drinking Occasions: Comparative Perspectives on Alcohol and Culture. Philadelphia, PA: Brunner/Mazel, 2000, p. 78.

7. Erdoes, Richard. 1000 Remarkable Facts about Booze. New York: The Rutledge Press, 1981, p. 88.

8. Gernet, Jacques. Daily Life in China on the Eve of the Mongol Invasion 1250-1276. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1962. (Translated by H. M. Wright), p, 139; Balazs, Etienne. Chinese Civilization and Bureaucracy. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1964. (Translated by H. M. Wright).

9. Watney, John. Beer is Best: A History of Beer. London, England: Peter Owen, 1974, p. 15.

10. Babor, Thomas. Alcohol: Customs and Rituals. New York: Chelsea House, 1986, p. 4

11. For additional documentation on the views of Jesus and the early Church see T. Furman Hewitt. A Biblical Perspective on the Use and Abuse of Alcohol and Other Drugs. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Department of Human Resources. Pastoral Care Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse, 1980 and Irving W. Raymond. The Teaching of the Early Church on the Use of Wine and Strong Drink. New York: Columbia University Press, 1927. For references to alcohol in the Old Testament categorized into positive and negative and into realms (physical, psychological, social, religious or economic), see John M. O’Brien and Sheldon C. Seller, Attributes of alcohol in the Old Testament. The Drinking and Drug Practices Surveyor, 1982, No. 18, pp. 18-24.

12. Austin, Gregory A. Alcohol in Western Society from Antiquity to 1800: A Chronological History. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-Clio, 1985, pp. 44 and 47-48.

13. Babor, Thomas. Alcohol: Customs and Rituals. New York: Chelsea House, 1986, p. 11; Cherrington, Ernest H. (Ed.) Standard Encyclopedia of the Alcohol Problem. Six vols. Westerville, Ohio: American Issue Publishing, 1925-1930. Vol. 1, p. 405; Seward, Desmond. Monks and Wine. London, England: Trubner and Co., 1878, pp. 15 and 25-35

14. Doxat, John. The World of Drinks and Drinking. New York: Drake Publishers, 1971, p. 80.

15. Cherrington, Ernest H. (Ed.) Standard Encyclopedia of the Alcohol Problem. Six vols. Westerville, Ohio: American Issue Publishing, 1935-1930. Vol. 5, p. 2,383.

16. Ford, G. Wines,Brews, & Spirits. Seattle, Washington: Gene Ford Publications, 1996, p. 116.

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