References

1. Ford, Gene. The French Paradox and Drinking for Health. San Francisco, California: Wine Appreciation Guild, 1993, p. 108.

2. Gastineau, Clifford F., Darby, William J., and Turner, Thomas B. (Eds.) Fermented Foods in Nutrition. New York, Academic Press, 1979.

3. Royce, James E. Alcohol Problems and Alcoholism. New York: Free Press, 1981, p. 49.

4. Morris, William (Ed.) The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin, 1978, p. 1,460.

5. Roueche, Burton. The Neutral Spirit: A Portrait of Alcohol. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1960, p. 84.

6. Limon, E. M. Tequila: The Spirit of Mexico. New York: Abbeville Press, 1009, p. 34; http://www.georgian.net/rally/tequila/ http://weber.u.washington.edu/~schell/tequilla.html

7. Grimes, William. Straight Up or on the Rocks: A Cultural History of American Drink. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993, pp. 52-53. However, this commonly-accepted explanation is challenged by Charles K. Cowdery in How Bourbon Whiskey Really Got Its Famous Name. The Bourbon Reader, 1996, 3 (1).

8. Erdoes, Richard. 1000 Remarkable Facts about Booze. New York: The Rutledge Press, 1981, p. 88.

9. Lender, Mark E. and Martin, James K. Drinking in America. New York: Free Press, 1982, p. 33.

10. Roueche, Berton. Alcohol in Human Culture. In: Lucia, Salvatore P. (Ed.) Alcohol and Civilization. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1963. Pp. 167-182.

11. Old Mr. Boston Deluxe Official Bartenders Guide. New York: Warner Books, 1979, pp. 186- 187.

12. Roueche, Berton. Alcohol in Human Culture. In: Lucia, Salvatore P. (ed.) Alcohol and Civilization. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1963. Pp. 167-182.

13. Ibid, pp. 172-173; Seward, Desmond. Monks and Wine. London, England: Mitchell Beazley Publishers, 1979, p. 151.

14. Mr. Boston Deluxe Official Bartenders Guide. New York: Warner Books, 1981, p. 185.

15. Ibid, p. 181; Conrad, Barnaby. The Martini. San Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books, 1995, p. 126.

16. Ibid, p. 182.

17. Hyams, Edward. Dionysus: A Social History of the Wine Vine. New York: Macmillan, 1965, p. 198; Avis, Harry. Drugs & Life. Boston: WCB McGraw-Hill, 1999, p. 74.

18. Mr. Boston Deluxe Official Bartenders Guide. New York: Warner Books, 1981, p. 192.

19. Grimes, William. Straight Up or on the Rocks: A Cultural History of American Drink. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993, p. 16.

20. Ibid, p. 28.

21. Ibid, p. 41.

22. Ibid, p. 54

23. Zraly, Kevin. Windows on the World Complete Wine Course. New York: Dell, 1987, p. 20.


24. Ibid, p. 116.

25. Ibid, p. 113.

26. Lyman, Harvard. "The Science and Art of Wine Making." Course at State University of New York at Binghamton, 1996.

27. McCarthy, Ed, and Ewing-Mulligan, Mary. Wine for Dummies. Foster City, CA:IDG Books, 1995, p. 10.

28. Johnson, Hugh. Wine. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1966, p. 19: McCarthy, Ed and Ewing- Mulligan, Mary. Wine for Dummies. Foster City, CA: IDG Books, 1995, p. 359.

29. Morris, William. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1978, p. 810.

30. Barr, Andrew. Drink: A Social History of America. New York: Carroll & Graf, 1999, p. 87.

31. McCarthy, Ed, and Ewing-Mulligan, Mary. Wine for Dummies. Foster City, CA: IDG Books, 1995, p. 106.

32. Frost, G., and Gauntner, J. Sake. Berkeley, CA: Stone Bridge, 1999, p. 10.

33. Bryson, B. The Mother Tongue. New York: William Morrow,1990, p. 15.

34. Bryson, pp. 16-17.

35. www.cocktail.com/quiz/rumage.htm, January 24, 2000.

36. Martini heresy. Life (December 10, 1951), pp. 81-82.

37. Hilton, M. E. The Demographic Distribution of Drinking Patters in 1984. In: Clark, W. B., and Hilton, M. E. (Eds.). Alcohol in America: Drinking Practices and Problems. Albany, NY: State Universityh of New York Press,1991, 73-86; Heath, D. B. Drinking Occasions: Comparative Perspectives on Alcohol and Culture. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Brunner/Mazel, 2000.

38. McCarthy, Ed. Champagne for Dummies. Foster City, California: IDG, 1999, p. 35.

39. Reidel, H. Sweet Spot. Buffalo News, July 1, 2001; Prial, F. J. A Flavorless and Clear Favorite: Vodka Surpasses Gin, Other Spirits in Popularity. Chicago Tribune, August 8, 2001, W6.

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51. Bachman, J. (Associagted Press). Liquid Gold. News-Sun (Waukegan, Illinois) March 28, 2001.

52. John Upham, personal communication.

53. New York Public Library Desk Reference. New York, Macmillan, 1988, p. 553; 3rd ed.; McCarthy, E. Champagne For Dummies. Foster City, California: IDG Books, 1999, p. 188.

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