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References

1. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Apparent per capita ethanol consumption for the United States,1970-2007. (Gallons of Ethanol, based on Popuation Age 14 and Older). Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2009.

2. Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs. Alcohol Consumption, Litres per Population Aged 15+. OECD Health Data. Paris, France: Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, 2009.

3. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol Alert: Alcohol and Minorities No. 55 January 2002. [Heavy drinking is defined as five drinks on a single day at least once a month for adults and five drinks in a row at least once during the previous two weeks for adolescents.]

4. Galvan, Frank H. and Caetano, Raul. Alcohol use and related problems among ethnic minorities in the U.S. . National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, December, 2003 (http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh27-1/87-94.htm)

5. Dawson, D.A. Beyond Black, White and Hispanic: Race, ethnic origin and drinking patterns in the United States. Journal of Substance Abuse, 1998, 10, 321–339.

6. Dawson, D.A. Beyond Black, White and Hispanic: Race, ethnic origin and drinking patterns in the United States. Journal of Substance Abuse, 1998, 10, 321–339.

7. Makimoto, K. Drinking patterns and drinking problems among Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. Alcohol Health & Research World, 1998, 22, 270–275.

8. May, P., and Gossage, J. The epidemiology of alcohol consumption among American Indians living on four reservations and in nearby border towns. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2001, 63, S100.

9. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol Alert: Alcohol and Minorities No. 55 January 2002.

10. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol Alert: Alcohol and Minorities No. 55 January 2002.

11. Heath, Dwight B. (Ed.) International Handbook of Alcohol and Culture. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1995.

12. Galvan, Frank H. and Caetano, Raul. Alcohol use and related problems among ethnic minorities in the U.S. . National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, December, 2003 (http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh27-1/87-94.htm)

13. Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs. Alcohol Consumption, Litres per Population Aged 15+. OECD Health Data. Paris, France: Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, 2009.

14. Holder, H. D. Alcohol and the Community: A System Approach to Prevention. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

15. U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1997. Washington, DC: DHHS, 1998; Wright, J. W. (Ed.) The New York Times 2000 Almanac. New York: Penguin, 1999, p. 398.

16. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol Alert: Alcohol and No. 40 April 1998.

17. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. (2010). Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Volume I. Summary of National Findings (Office of Applied Studies, NSDUH Series H-38A, HHS Publication No. SMA 10-4586Findings). Rockville, MD.

18. Johnston, L. D., O'Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2011). Monitoring the Future: National Results on Adolescent Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2010. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan. Table 5, p. 52.

19. Johnston, L. D., O'Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2011). Monitoring the Future: National Results on Adolescent Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2010. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan. Table 6, p. 58.

20. Johnston, L. D., O'Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2011). Monitoring the Future: National Results on Adolescent Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2010. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan. Table 7, p. 62.

21. Johnston, L. D., O'Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2011). Monitoring the Future: National Results on Adolescent Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2010. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan. Table 8, p. 64.

22. Johnston, L. D., O'Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2011). Monitoring the Future: National Results on Adolescent Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2010. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan. Table 8, p. 64.

23.Weise, Elizabeth. Polls: young non-drinkers up in down economy. USA Today, February 7, 2011.

24. Grossman, Jennifer. Special Campus Dole Poll. Dole Nutrition News, November 8, 2004. Available at Dole Nutrition Institute web site.

25. Wechsler, Henry, Molnar, Beth E., Davenport, Andrea E., and Baer, John S. College Alcohol Use: A Full or Empty Glass? Journal of American College Health, 1999, 47, 247-252.

26. Wechsler, H., et al. Underage college students' drinking behavior, access to alcohol, and the influence of deterrence policies: Findings from the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study. Journal of American College Health, 2002, 50(5), 223-236; Wechsler, H.. et al. Trends in college binge drinking during a period of increased prevention efforts: Findings from 4 Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study surveys: 1993-2002. Journal of American College Health, 2002, 50(5), 203-217.

27. National Center for Educational Statistics, personal communication.

28. Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs. Alcohol Consumption, Litres per Population Aged 15+. OECD Health Data. Paris, France: Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, 2009.

29. International Center for Alcohol Policies (ICAP). Who are the Abstainers? Washington, DC: International Center for Alcohol Policies (ICAP Reports #8), June 2000, pp. 8-9.

30. Hanson, David J. Preventing Alcohol Abuse: Alcohol, Culture, and Control. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1995.

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