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References

1. For more documentation on the views of Jesus and the early church see Hewett, T. F. A Biblical Perspective on the Use and Abuse of Alcohol and Other Drugs. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina Department of Human Resources, Pastoral Care Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse, 1980, pp. 14-19, Raymond, I. W. Teachings of the Early Church on the Use of Wine and Strong Drink. New York: Columbia University Press, 1927, and O'Brien, J. M., and Seller, S. C. Attributes of alcohol in the Old Testament, The Drinking and Drug Practices Surveyor, 1982, No. 18, pp. 18-24.

2. Austin, G. A. Alcohol in Western Society from Antiquity to 1800: A Chronological History. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio Press, 1985, pp. 44 and 47-48.

3. Royce, J. E. Alcohol Problems and Alcoholism: A Comprehensive Survey. New York: Macmillan, 1981, p. 291.

4. Raymond, I. W. The Teaching of the Early Church on the Use of Wine and Strong Drink. New York: Columbia University Press, 1927, pp. 18-22; Hewett. T. G. A Biblical Perspective on the Use and Abuse of Alcohol and Other Drugs. Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina Department of Human Resources, Pastoral Care Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse, 1980, pp. 11-12; Royce, J. E. Sin or Solace? Religious Views on Alcohol and Alcoholism. In: Watts, T. D. (ed.) Social Thought on Alcoholism: A Comprehensive Review. Malabar, Florida: Robert E. Krieger Publishing, 1986. Pp. 55-56.

5. Royce, J. E. Alcohol Problems and Alcoholism: A Comprehensive Survey. New York: Macmillan, 1981, p. 291.

6. The American Mix, 2001, 1(1), 4; "Dry" Bible, www.corkscrew-balloon.com/00/03/1thai/prat3.htm/.

Readings

The following readings present a diversity of views on biblical teachings about alcohol. Some are self-published and some are owned by very few libraries. Listing does not imply endorsement.

Austin, G. A. Alcohol in Western Society from Antiquity to 1800: A Chronological History. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-Clio Press, 1985.

Bacchiocchi, S. Wine in the Bible: A Biblical Study on the Use of Alcoholic Beverages. Berrian Springs, Michigan: Biblical Perspectives, 1989.

Burkholder, L. A little wine for the soul? Christianity Today, 2002, 44(4), 85. [This article ignores the important fact of equivalence. That is, the fact that a standard drink of beer, wine, or distilled spirits all contain equivalent amounts of alcohol. To a Breathalyzer, they're all the same.]

Bustanoby, A. The Wrath of Grapes: Drinking and the Church Divided. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1987,

Caesar, L. O. The Meaning of Yayin in the Old Testament. M.A. thesis, Andrews University, 1986.

Charles, H. H. Alcohol and the Bible. Scottsdale, Pennsylvania: Herald Press, 1966.

Cochrane, A. C. Eating and Drinking with Jesus: An Ethical and Biblical Inquiry. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Westminster Pres, 1974.

Foote, G. W. Bible and Beer. London, England: Pioneer Press, 1912.

Gordon, E. B. Christ, the Apostles, and Wine. Evanston, Illinois: National Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) Publishing House, 1944. [The WCTU remains a very active temperance organization.]

Hewett, T. G. A Biblical Perspective on the Use and Abuse of Alcohol and Other Drugs. Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina Department of Human Resources, Pastoral Care Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse, 1980.

Jeffcoat, W. D. The Bible and Social Drinking. City unknown: W. D. Jeffcoat, 1987.

Lackey, B. P. What the Bible Teaches about Drinking Wine. Chattanooga, Tennessee: B. P. Lackey, 1985.

O'Brien, J. M., and Seller, S. C. Attributes of Alcohol in the Old Testament, The Drinking and Drug Practices Surveyor, 1982, No. 18, pp. 18-24.

Phillips, T. W. The Bible versus Prohibition. Butler, Pennsylvania: T. W. Phillips, 1930.

Raymond, I. W. The Teaching of the Early Church on the Use of Wine and Strong Drink. New York: Columbia University Press, 1927.

Reynolds, S. Alcohol and the Bible. Little Rock, Arkansas: Challenge Press, 1983.

Reynolds, S. M. The Biblical Approach to Alcohol. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1989.

Royce, J. E. Sin or Solace? Religious Views on Alcohol and Alcoholism. In: Watts, T. D. (ed.) Social Thought on Alcoholism: A Comprehensive Review. Malabar, Florida: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Co., 1986.

Wallace, D. B. The Bible and Alcohol (www.bible.org/docs/soapbox/alcohol.htm). [Dr. Wallace points out that the Hebrew text makes a clear distinction between wine and grape juice and does not use one word for both.]

Westerfield, B. Alcohol and the Bible: What the Bible Says About Alcohol. Bothell, Washington: Del West Co., 1994.

Winters, H. The Bible and Strong Drink. West Jefferson, North Carolina: Win-More Publishing, 1979.

 

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