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References

1. Statement from Chancellor Brehm on Benton Mural. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University press release, March 25, 2002.

2. Lantzwe, Jason S. Dark Beverages of Hell. Part III. Rural History Project (www.ruralhistoryproject.org/research_report?A=385&F=1)

3. Lay, Shawn. Hooded Knights on the Niagara: The Ku Klux Klan in Buffalo, New York. NY: New York University Press, 1995.

4. McCaymer, John F. The Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s. Assumption college, October 2001. http://www.assumption.edu/ahc/1920s/Eugenics/Klan.html

5. Kleinegger, Christine. Women in the Ku Klux Klan: Constitution and Bylaws; Outline of Principles and Teachings. Albany, NY: New York State Museum. The University of the State of New York, n.d.

6. Norberg, David. Ku Klux Klan in the Valley: A 1920s Phenomenon. White River Journal, January, 2004.

7. Tucker, Richard K. The Dragon and the Cross: The Rise and Fall of the Ku Klux Klan in Middle America. Hamden, CT: Archon, 1991, p. 111.

8. Politics and World Affairs, August 30, 2004. Italics are in original.
(http://www.backwash.com/previewnewsarchive.php?newsid=1576) Or in the words of historian Dr. Leonard Moore, “The single most important bond between Klansmen throughout our nation was support for Prohibition.” See Prohibition and the Rise of Big Government, p. 488. (http://www.americanpoliticaldevelopment.org/townsquare/
print_res/in_progress/morone_prohibition.pdf).

9. Feldman, Glenn. Politics, Society, and the Klan in Alabama, 1915-1949. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Pres, 1999.

10. The 1920s: An active Ku Klux Klan raises fear. Santa Cruz Sentinel on-line edition http://www.santacruzsentinel.com/extra/century/25/index.html

11. Johnson, Ben. John Barleycorn Must die! The War Against Drink in Arkansas: 1920-1950. Little rock, AR. Old State House Museum exhibit. (http://www.oldstatehouse.com/exhibits/archive/john-barleycorn/default.asp) and (http://www.oldstatehouse.com/exhibits/archive/john-barleycorn/1920-1950.asp)

12. The Federal Bureau of Investigation. The Ku Klux Klan. Section I: 1915-1944. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, July, 1957, p. 21.

13. Moore, Leonard J. Citizen Klansmen: The Ku Klux Klan in Indiana, 1921-1928. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

14. Behreus, David. The KKK flares up on LI: In the early 1920’s, white robes and burning crosses are seen in many villages. Long Island: Our Story. Newsday.com/LIHistory.com

15. Smith, Richard Candida. The United States from the Late 19th Century through the Great Depression: Prohibition (History 124). University of California at Berkeley. (http://history.berkeley.edu/faculty/Smith/H124/lectures/lecture17.html)

16. Zerzan, John. Rank-and-file radicalism within the Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s. Anarchy, 1993 (Summer), vol. 37.

17. Schaal, Peter. Sanford as I Knew It, 1912-1935. Orlando, FL: P. Schaal, 1970.

18. O’Neil, Tim. Prohibition. Post-Dispatch, January 13, 2004.

19. Resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan, 1920s. u-s-history.com (http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1381.html); Better than Necessary: A Celebrational History of Shawnee Mission North High School (http://www.smn-rab.org/SMN-HIST/btn_20s.htm)

20. Sinclair, Andrew. Prohibition: The Era of Excess. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1962, p. 26; for other suggestions see Tietsort, Francis J. (Ed.) Temperance - or Prohibition? New York: New York American, 1929, ch. 8.

21. Moore, Leonard J. Citizen Klansmen: The Ku Klux Klan in Indiana, 1921-1928. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

22. “Ku Klux Klan.” Handbook of Texas Online (a joint project of the General Library of the University of Texas at Austin and the Texas Historical Association) (http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/KK/vek2_print.html)

Readings

Asbury, Herbert. The Great Illusion: An Informal History of Prohibition. New York: Greenwood Press, 1968 (Originally published 1950).

Bader, Robert S. Prohibition in Kansas: A History. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1986.

Behreus, David. The KKK flares Up on LI: In the early 1920’s, white robes and burning crosses are seen in many villages. Long Island: Our Story. Newsday.com/LIHistory.com

Bentley, Max. The Ku Klux Klan in Indiana. McClure’s Magazine, 1924 (May), 58.

Blocker, Jr., Jack S. Retreat from Reform. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1976.

Blocker, Jr., Jack S. "Give to the Winds thy Fear": The Women's Temperance Crusade, 1873-1874. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985.

Blocker, Jr., Jack S. American Temperance Movements: Cycles of Reform. Boston, MA: Twayne,1989.

Bordin, Ruth. Woman and Temperance: The Quest for Power and Liberty, 1873-1900. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1981.

Casey, Lee. When the Klan controlled Colorado. Rocky Mountain News, 1946. (June 17-19).

Cashman, Sean D. Prohibition: The Lie of the Land. New York: Free Press, 1981.

Chalmers, David M. Hooded Americans: the History of the Ku Klux Klan. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1991.

Clark, N. H. Deliver Us From Evil: An Interpretation of American Prohibition. New York: Norton, 1976.

Cocoltchos, Christopher N. The Invisible Government and the Visible Community: The Ku Klux Klan in Orange County, California, During the 1920s. Los Angeles, CA: University of California at Los Angeles, Ph.D. dissertation, 1979.

Erickson, Judith B. Making King Alcohol tremble. The juvenile work of the Women's Christian Temperance Union, 1874-1900. Journal of Drug Education, 1988, 18, 333-352.

Feldman, Glenn. Politics, Society, and the Klan in Alabama, 1915-1949. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1999.

Furnas, J. C. The Life and Times of the Late Demon Rum. New York: G. P. Pumam's Sons, 1965.

Gerlach, Larry R. Blazing Crosses in Zion: The Ku Klux Klan in Utah. Logan, UT: Utah State University Press, 1982.

Goldberg, Robert Allen. Hooded Empire: The Ku Klux Klan in Colorado. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1981.

Gunn, LaDonna. The Protestant “Kluxing” of Canon City, Colorado. Canon City, CO: Canon city Public Library (http://ccpl.lib.co.us/KKK/KKK%20Essay.html)

Horowitz, David A. (Ed.) Inside the Klavern: The Secret History of the Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1999.

Hux, Roger K. The Ku Klux Klan in Macon, 1919-1925. Georgia Historical Quarterly, 1978, 62, 155-168.

Isaac, Paul E. Prohibition and Politics: Turbulent Decades in Tennessee, 1885-1920.
Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1965.

Jackson, Kenneth T. The Ku Klux Klan in the City 1915-1930. New York: Oxford University Press, 1967.

Jenkins, William D. Steel Valley Clan: the Ku Klux Klan in Ohio’s Mahoning Valley. Kent, OH: Ohio State University Press, 1990.

Jenkins, William D. The Ku Klux Klan in Youngstown, Ohio: Moral reform in the twenties. Historian, 1978 (November), 76-93.

Jones, Lila Lee. The Ku Klux Klan in Eastern Kansas during the 1920’s. Emporia State Research Studies, 1975 (Winter), 23.

Kerr, K. Austin. Organized for Prohibition: A New History of the Anti-Saloon League. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1985.

Kobler, John. Ardent Spirits: The Rise and Fall of Prohibition. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1973.

Krout, John A. The Origins of Prohibition. New York: Knopf, 1925.

Kyvig, David E. Repealing National Prohibition. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1979.

Lay, Shawn. Hooded Knights of the Niagara: The Ku Klux Klan in Buffalo, New York. NY: New York University Press, 1995.

Lay, Shawn (Ed.) The Invisible Empire in the West: Toward a New Historical Appraisal of the Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1992.

Levine, Harry. The birth of American alcohol control: Prohibition, the lawlessness. Contemporary Drug Problems, 1985, 12, 63-115.

Loucks, Emerson H. The Ku Klux Klan in Pennsylvania: A Study in Nativism. Harrisburg, PA: Telegraph Press, 1936.

MacLean, Nancy K. Behind the Masks of Chivalry: The Making of the Second Ku Klux Klan. NY: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Marszalek, John F. KKK: The 1920s Ku Klux Klan in the Midwest. Timeline, 1994 (March-April), 11(2).

Merz, Charles. The Dry Decade. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 1969. (Contains a new introduction by the author. Originally published in 1930.)

Miller, Robert Moats. A Note on the relationship between the Protestant Churches and the revival of the Ku Klux Klan. Journal of Southern History, 1956 (August), 22, 355-368.

Moore, Leonard. Historical interpretation of the 1920s Klan: The traditional view and the populist revision. Journal of Social History, 1990, 24, 341-357.

Moore, Leonard. Citizen Klansmen: The Ku Klux Klan in Indiana, 1921-1928. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1991.

Moseley, Clement Charlton. Political influence of the Ku Klux Klan in Georgia, 1915-1925. Georgia Historical Quarterly, 1973, 57, 235-255.

Newton, Michael. The Invisible Empire: The Ku Klux Klan in Florida. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press, 2001.

Norberg, David. Klu Klux Klan in the Valley: A 1920’s Phenomenon. White River Journal, January, 2004.

Odegard, Peter H. Pressure Politics: The Story of the Anti-Saloon League. New York: Columbia University Press, 1928.

Pollard, Joseph P. The Road to Repeal: Submission to Conventions. New York: Brentano's , 1932.

Quillen, Ed. Welcome to Kolorado, Klan Kountry: When the Invisible Empire ran the state, only one major city escaped - Colorado Springs News, May 22-28, 2003 (http://www.csindy.com/csindy/2003-05-22/cover.html)

Rice, Arnold S. The Ku Klux Klan in American Politics. Washington D.C.: Public Affairs Press, 1962.

Sinclair, Andrew. Prohibition: The Era of Excess. Boston, MA: Little, Brown & Co., 1962.

Thomton, Mark. The Economics of Prohibition. Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press, 1991.

Tietsort, Francis J., (Ed.) Temperance—or Prohibition? New York: American, 1929.
Timberlake, James H. Prohibition and the Progressive Movement, 1900-1920.
Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1963.

Toy, Edward V. The Ku Klux Klan in Oregon: Its Program and Purpose. University of Oregon, M.A. thesis, 1959.

Turcheneske, John A., Jr. The Ku Klux Klan in Northwestern Wisconsin. River Falls, WI: Wisconsin State University-River Falls, M.A. thesis, 1971.

Tucker, Richard K. The Dragon and the Cross: The Rise and Fall of the Ku Klux Klan in Middle America. Hamden, CT: Archon, 1991.

Wade, Wyn Craig. The Fiery Cross: The Ku Klux Klan in America. NY: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Weaver, Norman F. The Knights of the Ku Klux Klan in Wisconsin, Indiana, Ohio and Michigan. Northwestern University, Ph.D. dissertation, 1986.

Weisberger, Bernard A. When white hoods were in flower. American Heritage, 1992 (April), 43(2), 18-19.

Willebrandt, Mabel W. The Inside of Prohibition. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill, 1929.

Ziegler, G. A., Rommell, W. E., and Herz, George. Prohibition and Anti-Prohibition. New York: Broadway Publishing Co., 1931.

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