Biography

The history of alcohol is filled with interesting people, with interesting stories. Read about some of them here.

William H. Anderson was one of the most successful prohibition lobbyists of the Anti-Saloon League of America. Read about his political tactics, anti-Catholicism, anti-Germanism, anti-Semitism, anti-foreignism and the forgery conviction of the "dry warrior." more

Purley Baker was an ordained Methodist minister who became superintendent of the national Anti-Saloon League in 1903. He asserted that Germans "eat like gluttons and drink like swine" in an effort to demonize brewers, most of whom were German-Americans. more

Daisy Douglas Barr was the fiery Imperial Empress (leader) of the approximately 250,000 member Women's Ku Klux Klan (WKKK) in Indiana and seven other states in the early 1920s. more

Bishop James Cannon, Jr. was a bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church. After the death of powerful Anti-Saloon League leader Wayne Wheeler in 1927, Cannon emerged as the most powerful leader of the temperance movement in the United States. more

Ernest H. Cherrington worked with Anti-Saloon League and the World League Against Alcoholism. He emphasized education against alcohol consumption to bring about voluntary compliance rather than the use of coercive legal force. more

Joseph H. Choate, Jr. chaired the Voluntary Committee of Lawyers (VCL), a group of highly influential attorneys established in 1927 that promoted the repeal of National Prohibition (1920-1933). more

D. Leigh Colvin was a Prohibition Party candidate for a variety of offices who was highly intolerant of those who opposed National Prohibition or supported Repeal. more

Mrs. D. Leigh Colvin (Mamie Colvin) was married to prohibition leader D. Leigh Colvin, and president of the National Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) from 1944 to 1953. more

Earl Dodge was the perennial presidential candidate of the Prohibition Party, with which he had been associated for five decades. It was under his controversial leadership that the Prohibition Party split into opposing factions. more

Edward Donegan was an odd-job laborer in 1919, who, in 1920 became a millionaire within about four months through his bootlegging scheme. more

M. Louise Gross was an influential leader in several women's anti-Prohibition or Repeal organizations such as the Moly Pitcher Club, the Women's Moderation Union, and the Women's Committee for Modification of the Volstead Act. more

Richmond Pearson Hobson was the most highly paid of the over 2,000 public speakers for the Anti-Saloon League. His gift of oratory was highly valued by the League and his membership in Congress gave him political clout. more

Mary Hanchet Hunt was the most powerful woman in the US promoting prohibition of alcohol. Through her position as head of the Woman's Christian Union's Department of Scientific Temperance Instruction in Schools and Colleges, she dictated the content of temperance education throughout the United States. more

Izzy and Moe - Isidor Einstein (Izzy Einstein) and his fellow Prohibition agent, Moe Smith, were the best known Prohibition agents in the country. Izzy and Moe made 4,932 arrests of bartenders, bootleggers and speakeasy owners with an amazing 95 percent conviction rate. more

William E. Johnson (Pussyfoot Johnson) of the Anti-Saloon League used tricks and deception, about which he bragged, to promote Prohibition. more

The LaMontages brothers - Rene, Montaigu, William and Morgan LaMontages were high society bootleggers during National Prohibition (1920-1933). Through their bootlegging operation the brothers increased their fortunes by $2,000,000 a year, but were ultimately convicted in federal court. more

Dr. Dio Lewis (Diocletion Lewis) was a temperance activist whose activities following the Civil War revitalized the moribund temperance movement. more

Candy Lightner founded Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) after her daughter was killed by a hard-core repeat DWI offender. "It has become far more neo-prohibitionist than I ever wanted or envisioned," she says. "I didn't start MADD to deal with alcohol. I started MADD to deal with the issue of drunk driving." more

Carry Nation, known for attacking saloons with a hatchet, was the most controversial member of the WCTU (Woman's Christian Temperance Union). She believed that God told her to destroy saloons and "Carry A. Nation" to alcohol prohibition. more

Roy Olmstead was a major bootlegger in Washington state during the early years of National Prohibition. Convicted for violating the National Prohibition Act and for conspiracy based on wiretapping evidence, he appealed in Olmstead v. United States. more

Pauline Sabin is best known for founding the Women's Organization for National Prohibition Reform (WONPR) in 1929, an organization that challenged the long-held assumption that virtually all women in the United States supported National Prohibition (1920-1933) and its enforcement. more

Lillian Sedwick was a leader of the Women of the Ku Klux Klan (WKKK) and also the state superintendent of the Indiana state Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU). more

Dr. Thomas Sewall was a temperance activist who believed that alcohol was responsible for most human illnesses. Sewall's major contribution to the temperance movement was his eight graphic drawings of "alcohol diseased stomachs." more

Jouett Shouse was a newspaper editor, politician and president of the Association Against the Prohibition Amendment and active in promoting the repeal of National Prohibition. more

William H. Stayton established the Association Against the Prohibition Amendment, a non-partisan, non-sectarian organization open to anyone who had not been in the alcohol business. more

Cora F. Stoddard was an important temperance and prohibition leader who headed the Scientific Temperance Federation and developed its innovative "Education on Wheels" project that took temperance education directly to people at their homes and farms. more

William Harvey Thompson ("Kinky" Thompson) was a federal prohibition agent known for violent enforcement of prohibition, but who was strongly supported by federal Prohibition Bureau officials, who defended the "zeal" of the "blackjack artist." more

Andrew Volstead is best remembered for the Volstead Act which permitted enforcement of the Eighteenth Amendment and National Prohibition against alcohol, and the Capper-Volstead Act to benefit farmers. more

James W. Wadsworth, Jr., long-time member of Congress, was a firm defender of individual rights and feared federal intervention into the private lives of Americans. Therefore, he spoke out forcefully and frequently against Prohibition (1920-1933) and became a leader in the Association Against the Prohibition Amendment. Before it went into effect, Wadsworth correctly predicted that Prohibition would result in widespread violations and contempt for law and the Constitution. more

Wayne Wheeler of the Anti-Saloon League of America developed pressure politics or ‘Wheelerism" and was a leader of the temperance movement that led to National Prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States. more

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